Schema Explorer

Choose element:

Important note about accessibility: In version 1.3 of the schema we introduced a label property on Inputs to improve accessibility. If the Host app you are targetting supports v1.3 you should use label instead of a TextBlock as seen in some samples below. Once most Host apps have updated to the latest version we will update the samples accordingly.

Column

Defines a container that is part of a ColumnSet.

Property Type Required Description Version
items Element[] No The card elements to render inside the Column. 1.0
backgroundImage BackgroundImage, uri No Specifies the background image. Acceptable formats are PNG, JPEG, and GIF 1.2
bleed boolean No Determines whether the column should bleed through its parent’s padding. 1.2
fallback Column, FallbackOption No Describes what to do when an unknown item is encountered or the requires of this or any children can’t be met. 1.2
minHeight string No Specifies the minimum height of the column in pixels, like "80px". 1.2
separator boolean No When true, draw a separating line between this column and the previous column. 1.0
spacing Spacing No Controls the amount of spacing between this column and the preceding column. 1.0
selectAction ISelectAction No An Action that will be invoked when the Column is tapped or selected. Action.ShowCard is not supported. 1.1
style ContainerStyle? No Style hint for Column. 1.0
verticalContentAlignment VerticalContentAlignment No, default: "top" Defines how the content should be aligned vertically within the column. 1.1
width string, number No "auto", "stretch", a number representing relative width of the column in the column group, or in version 1.1 and higher, a specific pixel width, like "50px". 1.0

Inherited properties

Property Type Required Description Version
id string No A unique identifier associated with the item. 1.0
isVisible boolean No, default: true If false, this item will be removed from the visual tree. 1.2
requires Dictionary<string> No A series of key/value pairs indicating features that the item requires with corresponding minimum version. When a feature is missing or of insufficient version, fallback is triggered. 1.2

Example

JSON
{
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"version": "1.0",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 1"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/cats/1.png"
						}
					]
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 2"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/cats/1.png"
						}
					]
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 3"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/cats/1.png"
						}
					]
				}
			]
		}
	]
}
Adaptive Card

Properties

items

The card elements to render inside the Column.

  • Type: Element[]
  • Required: No
  • Allowed values:
    • ActionSet
    • ColumnSet
    • Container
    • FactSet
    • Image
    • ImageSet
    • Input.ChoiceSet
    • Input.Date
    • Input.Number
    • Input.Text
    • Input.Time
    • Input.Toggle
    • Media
    • RichTextBlock
    • TextBlock

backgroundImage

Specifies the background image. Acceptable formats are PNG, JPEG, and GIF

  • Type: BackgroundImage, uri
  • Version : 1.2
  • Required: No
  • Allowed values:
    • BackgroundImage
    • uri
JSON
{
    "type": "AdaptiveCard",
    "body": [
        {
            "type": "ColumnSet",
            "columns": [
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/AlkiBeach.jpg",
                    "width": "auto"
                },
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": {
                        "url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/GoldenGardensPark.jpg",
                        "verticalAlignment": "Center"
                    },
                    "width": "stretch"
                },
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/BainbridgeIsland.jpg",
                    "width": "auto"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "type": "TextBlock",
            "text": "You can even repeat the background image..."
        },
        {
            "type": "ColumnSet",
            "columns": [
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": {
                        "url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/uparrow.png",
                        "fillMode": "Repeat"
                    },
                    "width": "stretch"
                },
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "horizontalAlignment": "Center",
                    "verticalContentAlignment": "Center",
                    "items": [
                        {
                            "type": "TextBlock",
                            "horizontalAlignment": "Center",
                            "text": "Those are some neat arrows",
                            "wrap": true
                        }
                    ],
                    "width": "stretch"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "type": "TextBlock",
            "text": "Horizontal repeat..."
        },
        {
            "type": "ColumnSet",
            "columns": [
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": {
                        "url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/downarrow.png",
                        "fillMode": "RepeatHorizontally"
                    },
                    "width": "stretch"
                },
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": {
                        "url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/uparrow.png",
                        "fillMode": "RepeatHorizontally",
                        "verticalAlignment": "Center"
                    },
                    "width": "stretch"
                },
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": {
                        "url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/uparrow.png",
                        "fillMode": "RepeatHorizontally",
                        "verticalAlignment": "Bottom"
                    },
                    "width": "stretch"
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "type": "TextBlock",
            "text": "Vertical repeat..."
        },
        {
            "type": "ColumnSet",
            "columns": [
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": {
                        "url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/uparrow.png",
                        "fillMode": "RepeatVertically"
                    },
                    "width": "stretch"
                },
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": {
                        "url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/downarrow.png",
                        "fillMode": "RepeatVertically",
                        "horizontalAlignment": "Center"
                    },
                    "width": "stretch"
                },
                {
                    "type": "Column",
                    "minHeight": "50px",
                    "backgroundImage": {
                        "url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/uparrow.png",
                        "fillMode": "RepeatVertically",
                        "horizontalAlignment": "Right"
                    },
                    "width": "stretch"
                }
            ]
        }
    ],
    "$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
    "version": "1.2"
}
Adaptive Card

bleed

Determines whether the column should bleed through its parent's padding.

  • Type: boolean
  • Version : 1.2
  • Required: No
JSON
{
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "TextBlock",
			"text": "Bleed left"
		},
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"style": "emphasis",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "good",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 1"
						}
					],
					"bleed": true,
					"width": "stretch"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "attention",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 2"
						}
					],
					"width": "stretch"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "warning",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 3"
						}
					],
					"width": "stretch"
				}
			]
		},
		{
			"type": "TextBlock",
			"text": "Bleed center"
		},
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"style": "emphasis",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "good",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 1"
						}
					],
					"width": "stretch"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "attention",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 2"
						}
					],
					"bleed": true,
					"width": "stretch"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "warning",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 3"
						}
					],
					"width": "stretch"
				}
			]
		},
		{
			"type": "TextBlock",
			"text": "Bleed right"
		},
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"style": "emphasis",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "good",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 1"
						}
					],
					"width": "stretch"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "attention",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 2"
						}
					],
					"width": "stretch"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "warning",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 3"
						}
					],
					"bleed": true,
					"width": "stretch"
				}
			]
		},
		{
			"type": "TextBlock",
			"text": "Bleed all"
		},
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"style": "emphasis",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "good",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 1"
						}
					],
					"bleed": true,
					"width": "stretch"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "attention",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 2"
						}
					],
					"bleed": true,
					"width": "stretch"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "warning",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 3"
						}
					],
					"bleed": true,
					"width": "stretch"
				}
			]
		}
	],
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"version": "1.0"
}
Adaptive Card

fallback

Describes what to do when an unknown item is encountered or the requires of this or any children can't be met.

  • Type: Column, FallbackOption
  • Version : 1.2
  • Required: No
  • Allowed values:
    • Column
    • "drop": Causes this element to be dropped immediately when unknown elements are encountered. The unknown element doesn't bubble up any higher.
JSON
{
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "Graph"
						}
					],
					"fallback": {
						"type": "Column",
						"items": [
							{
								"type": "TextBlock",
								"text": "Fallback"
							}
						]
					},
					"width": "auto"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "Graph"
						}
					],
					"fallback": "drop"
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "This is a column",
							"wrap": true
						}
					]
				}
			]
		}
	],
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"version": "1.0"
}
Adaptive Card

minHeight

Specifies the minimum height of the column in pixels, like "80px".

  • Type: string
  • Version : 1.2
  • Required: No
JSON
{
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"version": "1.2",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"style": "emphasis",
			"minHeight": "100px",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "default",
					"minHeight": "200px",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"wrap": true,
							"text": "The columnset has a minHeight of 100px while this column has a minHeight of 200px so it should override"
						}
					]
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "default",
					"minHeight": "50px",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "FactSet",
							"facts": [
								{
									"title": "ColumnSet",
									"value": "MinHeight: 100px"
								},
								{
									"title": "Column 1",
									"value": "MinHeight: 200px"
								},
								{
									"title": "Column 2",
									"value": "MinHeight: 50px"
								}
							]
						}
					]
				}
			]
		}
	]
}
Adaptive Card

separator

When true, draw a separating line between this column and the previous column.

  • Type: boolean
  • Required: No

spacing

Controls the amount of spacing between this column and the preceding column.

  • Type: Spacing
  • Required: No
  • Allowed values:
    • "default"
    • "none"
    • "small"
    • "medium"
    • "large"
    • "extraLarge"
    • "padding"
JSON
{
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"version": "1.0",
	"speak": "The Seattle Seahawks beat the Carolina Panthers 40-7",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "Container",
			"items": [
				{
					"type": "ColumnSet",
					"columns": [
						{
							"type": "Column",
							"width": "auto",
							"items": [
								{
									"type": "Image",
									"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/cats/3.png",
									"size": "medium"
								},
								{
									"type": "TextBlock",
									"text": "SHADES",
									"horizontalAlignment": "center",
									"weight": "bolder"
								}
							]
						},
						{
							"type": "Column",
							"width": "stretch",
							"separator": true,
							"spacing": "medium",
							"items": [
								{
									"type": "TextBlock",
									"text": "Dec 4",
									"horizontalAlignment": "center"
								},
								{
									"type": "TextBlock",
									"text": "Final",
									"spacing": "none",
									"horizontalAlignment": "center"
								},
								{
									"type": "TextBlock",
									"text": "7 - 40",
									"size": "extraLarge",
									"horizontalAlignment": "center"
								}
							]
						},
						{
							"type": "Column",
							"width": "auto",
							"separator": true,
							"spacing": "medium",
							"items": [
								{
									"type": "Image",
									"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/cats/2.png",
									"size": "medium",
									"horizontalAlignment": "center"
								},
								{
									"type": "TextBlock",
									"text": "SKINS",
									"horizontalAlignment": "center",
									"weight": "bolder"
								}
							]
						}
					]
				}
			]
		}
	]
}
Adaptive Card

selectAction

An Action that will be invoked when the Column is tapped or selected. Action.ShowCard is not supported.

  • Type: ISelectAction
  • Version : 1.1
  • Required: No
  • Allowed values:
    • Action.Execute
    • Action.OpenUrl
    • Action.Submit
    • Action.ToggleVisibility
JSON
{
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"version": "1.0",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "TextBlock",
			"text": "Try clicking a column!",
			"weight": "bolder"
		},
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 1"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/cats/1.png"
						}
					],
					"selectAction": {
						"type": "Action.OpenUrl",
						"title": "cool link",
						"url": "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQw4w9WgXcQ"
					}
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 2"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/cats/1.png"
						}
					],
					"selectAction": {
						"type": "Action.OpenUrl",
						"title": "cool link",
						"url": "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQw4w9WgXcQ"
					}
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 3"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/cats/1.png"
						}
					],
					"selectAction": {
						"type": "Action.OpenUrl",
						"title": "cool link",
						"url": "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQw4w9WgXcQ"
					}
				}
			]
		}
	]
}
Adaptive Card

style

Style hint for Column.

  • Type: ContainerStyle?
  • Required: No
  • Allowed values:
    • "default"
    • "emphasis"
    • "good": Added in version 1.2.
    • "attention": Added in version 1.2.
    • "warning": Added in version 1.2.
    • "accent": Added in version 1.2.
JSON
{
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"version": "1.0",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "No Style"
						}
					]
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "default",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Default Style"
						}
					]
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"style": "emphasis",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Emphasis Style"
						},
						{
							"type": "Container",
							"items": [
								{
									"type": "TextBlock",
									"text": "Container no style"
								}
							]
						},
						{
							"type": "Container",
							"style": "default",
							"items": [
								{
									"type": "TextBlock",
									"text": "Container default style"
								}
							]
						},
						{
							"type": "Container",
							"style": "emphasis",
							"items": [
								{
									"type": "TextBlock",
									"text": "Container emphasis style"
								}
							]
						}
					]
				}
			]
		}
	]
}
Adaptive Card

verticalContentAlignment

Defines how the content should be aligned vertically within the column.

  • Type: VerticalContentAlignment
  • Version : 1.1
  • Required: No, default: "top"
  • Allowed values:
    • "top"
    • "center"
    • "bottom"
JSON
{
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"version": "1.1",
	"verticalContentAlignment": "center",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "TextBlock",
			"text": "Hi,"
		},
		{
			"type": "TextBlock",
			"text": "MasterHip",
			"isSubtle": true
		},
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"height": "stretch",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"verticalContentAlignment": "bottom",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "Column 1"
						}
					]
				}
			]
		}
	]
}
Adaptive Card

width

"auto", "stretch", a number representing relative width of the column in the column group, or in version 1.1 and higher, a specific pixel width, like "50px".

  • Type: string, number
  • Required: No
JSON
{
	"$schema": "http://adaptivecards.io/schemas/adaptive-card.json",
	"type": "AdaptiveCard",
	"version": "1.0",
	"body": [
		{
			"type": "ColumnSet",
			"columns": [
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"width": "auto",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "(auto)"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/adaptive-card-50.png"
						}
					]
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"width": "stretch",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"horizontalAlignment": "center",
							"text": "(stretch)"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"horizontalAlignment": "center",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/adaptive-card-50.png"
						}
					]
				},
				{
					"type": "Column",
					"width": "auto",
					"items": [
						{
							"type": "TextBlock",
							"text": "(auto)"
						},
						{
							"type": "Image",
							"url": "https://adaptivecards.io/content/adaptive-card-50.png"
						}
					]
				}
			]
		}
	]
}
Adaptive Card

id

A unique identifier associated with the item.

  • Type: string
  • Required: No

isVisible

If false, this item will be removed from the visual tree.

  • Type: boolean
  • Version : 1.2
  • Required: No, default: true

requires

A series of key/value pairs indicating features that the item requires with corresponding minimum version. When a feature is missing or of insufficient version, fallback is triggered.

  • Type: Dictionary<string>
  • Version : 1.2
  • Required: No